Light Load Path Selection Techniques for Control Congestion in MANET (ENBA)

  • Somya Kankane Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, Bhopal, India
  • Arun Jhapate Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, Bhopal, India
  • Ritu Shrivastava Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, Bhopal, India
Keywords: AODV-M, ENBA, Congestion, Load, MANET, TTL, AOMDV


The nodes have limited bandwidth and processing capability. The routing protocols cannot handle the congestion due to heavy load in mobile ad hoc networks. Several routes are established in the network, and some intermediate nodes are common. The dynamic behaviour of the network creates problems for strong link establishment. The routing protocol establishes the connection between the sender and receiver. The efficient routing approach uses the concept of load balancing to reduce packet loss in a network. The heavy load on the network affects the node’s buffer capacity and link capacity. The research proposed the Effective Network Behavior Analyze (ENBA) for route sections to control congestion in MANET. This paper’s effort is driven by the idea of considering several aspects of the routing design of Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) in a unified manner. ENBA is a routing strategy that uses the shortest path for routing and balances the load by managing incoming and outgoing packets on links and nodes. In this routing scheme, the shortest path measures the buffer capacity of the nodes with higher TTL values selected for sending the data packets in the network.

The link capacity is based on the flow of packets in the network. Queue optimisation is a continuous optimisation in which we count the number of packets incoming and decide the link reliability in a dynamic network. The performance of ENBA is compared with the Ad hoc On-demand Multipath Distance Vector -Modified (AOMDV-M) routing protocol. The ENDA strategy outperforms the competition in terms of performance over a shorter period. In the proposed technique, performance matrices like PDR, overhead, and delay provide better results than the previous AOMDV-M routing approach.


Download data is not yet available.


[1]. Gagandeep Singh. et al. “Effective Congestion Control In MANET” International Conference on Intelligent Engineering and Management (ICIEM) 2020.
[2]. Dimitris Kanellopoulos “Congestion control for MANETs: An overview” ICT Express 5 (2019) 77–83.
[3]. Geetika Maheshwari[3] “A Survey on Congestion Control in MANET” International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 5 (2), 2014,
[4]. Shaik Arshiya Anjum, et al. “Congestion Avoidance Methods Using Caching Information Technique in IoT and Manets” IJIRT Vol-7 October 2020.
[5]. S.Sheeja, et al. “Effective Congestion Avoidance Scheme for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks” I. J. Computer Network and Information Security, 2013.
[6]. Harsh Pratap Singh, et al. “Congestion Control In Mobile Ad Hoc Network: A Literature Survey” IJARIIE Vol-5 Issue-6 2019.
[7]. Khalid A. Alattas “A Novel Method for Avoiding Congestion in a Mobile Ad Hoc Network for Maintaining Service Quality in a Network” IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, VOL.21 No.9, September 2021.
[8]. S. Shanthini “Red Congestion Control with Energy Aware Auction Based Route Selection in MANET” IJRTE Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2020.
[9]. Veguru Gayatri “A Study on Congestion Control in Mobile Ad-hoc networks” International Journal of Computer Application (2250-1797) Volume 6– No.5, September- October 2016.
[10]. S.TamilSelvi,“ A Novel Scheme for Congestion Control in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 5, Issue 2, February 2016.
[11]. Remya A et al. “A Review on Congestion Control Methods in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume: 07 Issue: 02 Feb 2020.
[12]. Makoto Ikeda, “Congestion Control for Multi-flow Traffic in Wireless Mobile Ad-hoc Networks” Sixth International Conference on Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems 2012.
[13]. Chengyong Liu, Kezhong Liu, Layuan Li, “Research of QoS – aware Routing Protocol with Load Balancing for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”, WiCom’ 08, 4th International Conference on Wireless communication, 2008.
[14]. Gurmeet Kaur, Kamaljeet Kaint and Rakesh Kumar “ Congestion Control in MANET Using Various Approaches” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Volume 6, Issue 6, June 2016,pp846-850.
How to Cite
Kankane, S., Jhapate, A., & Shrivastava, R. (2022). Light Load Path Selection Techniques for Control Congestion in MANET (ENBA). International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology, 11(4), 1-7. Retrieved from